8th meeting of the ICAZ Archaeozoology, Genetics, Proteomics and Morphometrics (AGPM) Working Group – 16-17 octobre – MNHN

Dans le cadre des 8e rencontres du groupe de travail « Génétique, Protéomique et Morphométrie » de l’ICAZ (Conseil International de l’ArchéoZoologie), Annelise Binois présentera une communication intitulée « The rotte, the pockes and the blode »: an interdisciplinary approach to the diagnosis of medieval sheep disease » dans la session « Pathogènes ».

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Sheep farming played an essential part in the medieval European economy, with entire industrial sectors, and most notably the wool and cloth trade, relying solely on the use of sheep products. Major mortality events affecting the ovine population at a regional scale were therefore likely to have had serious and lasting impacts on medieval societies, and the written evidence testifies indeed to the frequency and severity of these events. This evidence does little, however, for the identification of the specific pathogens involved in these deaths.
The bone remains are at first glance hardly more informative. Most causes for mass mortalities leave no traces on the bones, compromising any lesional diagnostic approach. We contend nonetheless that an interdisciplinary investigation of archaeological mortality deposits, integrating several lines of enquiry in a global diagnostic process – zooarchaeology, paleo-epidemiology, historical investigations, paleoparasitology, ancient DNA analyses… – has the potential to shed light on the specific causes of past sheep mortalities. In this presentation, we will expose our approach through the example of a 13th century sheep deposit from Téteghem, France, in which this multi-pronged approach ultimately allowed us to identify the physical and molecular remains of past pathogens and, in all likelihood, to determine the cause of death.

: Paléopathologie, ADN ancien, épizooties, ovins, Moyen Âge

Du jeudi 16 au vendredi 17 octobre 2019
MNHN, Paris
Plus de détails sur l’évènement ici : https://icaz-agpm2019.sciencesconf.org/

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